Universal Formula For Brining

Post Reply
User avatar
GoDawgs
Reactions:
Posts: 3689
Joined: Thu Dec 12, 2019 6:38 am
Location: Zone 8a, Augusta GA

Universal Formula For Brining

#1

Post: # 110011Unread post GoDawgs
Mon Nov 13, 2023 10:33 am

In case anyone could use it, here's a tutorial on brining meats. It is from Cook’s Illustrated magazine, done by the America's Test Kitchen people.

Universal Formula For Brining
From Cook’s Illustrated magazine

Basic Brine
Cold water 1 quart
Salt ½ c Diamond Crystal kosher OR ¼ c + 2 TBS Morton kosher OR ¼ c. table salt
Sugar ½ cup
Amt of Brine 1 quart per pound of food, not to exceed 2 gallons brine
Time 1 hour per pound, but not less than 30 minutes or more than 8 hours
** when brining multiple items, time is based on weight of a single item (for example, use weight of 1 of 4 pork chops being
brined)

Brine for High-Heat Roasting, Broiling or High-Heat Grilling
Cold Water 1 quart
Salt ¼ c Diamond Crystal kosher OR 3 TBS Morton kosher OR 2 TBS table salt
Sugar 2 tablespoons
Amt of brine 1 quart per pound of food, not to exceed 2 gallons brine
Time 1 hour per pound, but not less than 30 minutes or more than 8 hours
** when brining multiple items, time is based on weight of a single item (for example, use weight of 1 of 4 pork chops being
brined)

Kosher vs Table Salt
Both can be used to make a brine. We prefer kosher salt because it has a cleaner flavor than table salt. Essentially, kosher salt is less salty than table salt. A cup of table salt weighs about 10 ounces, while a cup of kosher salt (depending on crystal structure of brand bought) weighs between 5 and 8 ounces. To simplify the math, we use Diamond Crystal Kosher Salt, which weighs 5 ounces per cup, making it exactly half as strong as table salt. If you buy another brand of kosher salt, see chart above.

Best Candidates For Brining

Cornish Hen: whole, butterflied
Chicken: whole, parts, butterflied
Pork: loin, tenderloin, chops, fresh ham
Turkey: whole, breast, parts, butterflied
Seafood: whole side of salmon (when grilling or smoking), shrimp

Beef and lamb do not benefit from brining as they are generally eaten rare or medium rare and not cooked as long so they don’t lose much of their natural moisture. Same with gamier, fattier birds like duck and grouse.

User avatar
worth1
Reactions:
Posts: 14032
Joined: Tue Dec 10, 2019 12:32 pm
Location: 25 miles southeast of Waterloo Texas

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#2

Post: # 110022Unread post worth1
Mon Nov 13, 2023 12:42 pm

I keep talking myself in and out of buying a small turkey.
Worth
25 miles southeast of Waterloo Texas.

You can't argue with a closed mind.
You might as well be arguing with a cat.

Uncle_Feist
Reactions:
Posts: 554
Joined: Tue Feb 23, 2021 6:19 pm

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#3

Post: # 110039Unread post Uncle_Feist
Mon Nov 13, 2023 5:57 pm

No way, shape form or fashion I waste Diamond Crystal in a brine!

User avatar
karstopography
Reactions:
Posts: 6523
Joined: Thu Apr 16, 2020 7:15 am
Location: Southeast Texas

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#4

Post: # 110040Unread post karstopography
Mon Nov 13, 2023 6:34 pm

I toy with the idea to make my own sea salt, micro plastics and all. Roughly 4.5 ounces of salt per gallon of sea water. Get me a five gallon bucket of sea water from our gulf here and evaporate it on my copper top, that’s a pound of salt if we continue to have these droughts.
Zone 9b, located in the Columbia bottomlands, annual rainfall 46”

User avatar
JRinPA
Reactions:
Posts: 1458
Joined: Sat Jun 13, 2020 1:35 pm
Location: PA Dutch Country

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#5

Post: # 110045Unread post JRinPA
Mon Nov 13, 2023 10:37 pm

worth1 wrote: Mon Nov 13, 2023 12:42 pm I keep talking myself in and out of buying a small turkey.
They are fun until they grow up and shock gobble at every little thing. That, and you need a really big bird cage.

User avatar
JRinPA
Reactions:
Posts: 1458
Joined: Sat Jun 13, 2020 1:35 pm
Location: PA Dutch Country

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#6

Post: # 110046Unread post JRinPA
Mon Nov 13, 2023 10:40 pm

Pork loin on grill is the one I've used often, 2 tbsp salt and 2 tsp sugar per qt. I didn't know the others. I have exactly one Cooks Illustrated and have made most of the recipes in it, really good. I can't figure out what it is...what date or edition. Or a best of, etc. I have pored over and never find any clue.

User avatar
worth1
Reactions:
Posts: 14032
Joined: Tue Dec 10, 2019 12:32 pm
Location: 25 miles southeast of Waterloo Texas

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#7

Post: # 110053Unread post worth1
Tue Nov 14, 2023 5:20 am

JRinPA wrote: Mon Nov 13, 2023 10:37 pm
worth1 wrote: Mon Nov 13, 2023 12:42 pm I keep talking myself in and out of buying a small turkey.
They are fun until they grow up and shock gobble at every little thing. That, and you need a really big bird cage.
:lol:
Worth
25 miles southeast of Waterloo Texas.

You can't argue with a closed mind.
You might as well be arguing with a cat.

User avatar
worth1
Reactions:
Posts: 14032
Joined: Tue Dec 10, 2019 12:32 pm
Location: 25 miles southeast of Waterloo Texas

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#8

Post: # 110054Unread post worth1
Tue Nov 14, 2023 5:25 am

We don't get Diamond Chrystal here that I know of.
I honestly don't see the waste in using kosher salt to just dissolve in water anyway.
They need to put the measurements in weight not cups.
Regular HEB brand canning salt is all I use for such things.
Worth
25 miles southeast of Waterloo Texas.

You can't argue with a closed mind.
You might as well be arguing with a cat.

User avatar
GoDawgs
Reactions:
Posts: 3689
Joined: Thu Dec 12, 2019 6:38 am
Location: Zone 8a, Augusta GA

Re: Universal Formula For Brining

#9

Post: # 110060Unread post GoDawgs
Tue Nov 14, 2023 6:45 am

worth1 wrote: Tue Nov 14, 2023 5:25 am We don't get Diamond Chrystal here that I know of.
I honestly don't see the waste in using kosher salt to just dissolve in water anyway.
They need to put the measurements in weight not cups.
Regular HEB brand canning salt is all I use for such things.
No Diamond Crystal here either. I use the Morton kosher.

There were measurements in the narrative:
A cup of table salt weighs about 10 ounces, while a cup of kosher salt (depending on crystal structure of brand bought) weighs between 5 and 8 ounces. To simplify the math, we use Diamond Crystal Kosher Salt, which weighs 5 ounces per cup, making it exactly half as strong as table salt.

Post Reply

Return to “Preserving Methods, share recipes and techniques!”